Continuum of Literacy Learning

Curriculum Component

Brief Definition

Interactive Read Aloud and Literature Discussion

Students engage in deep discussion with one another about a text that they have heard read aloud or one they have read independently.

Shared and Performance Reading

Students read together or take roles in reading a shared text. They reflect the meaning of the text with their voices.

Writing About Reading

Students extend their understanding of a text through a variety of writing genres and sometimes with illustrations.

Phonics, Spelling, and Word Study

Students learn about the relationships of letters to sounds as well as the structure of words to help them in reading and spelling.

Oral and Visual Communication

Students present their ideas through oral discussion and presentation or through the use of technology.

Technological Communication

Students learn effective ways of communicating and searching for information through technology, they learn to think critically about information and sources.

Writing Craft, Conventions, and Process

Students compose and write their own examples of a variety of genres, written for varying purposes and audiences.

Guided Reading

Students read a teacher-selected text in a small group; the teacher provides explicit teaching and support for reading increasingly challenging texts.

Each of these structured balanced literacy delivery models are most effectively conducted throughout the school day utilizing an interdisciplinary approach that integrates all literacy components across all content area instruction. The foundation of teaching and learning experiences provided within each of the balanced literacy delivery models is emphasis on student developmental levels across the following seven continua of literacy learning:

  • interactive read aloud and literature discussion
  • shared and performance reading
  • writing about reading
  • phonics, spelling, and word study
  • oral and visual communication
  • technological communication
  • writing craft, conventions, and process
  • guided reading

These high-quality instructional practices will provide the support necessary to ensure all students become literacy proficient by third grade, college and career ready by high school graduation, and successful contributing citizens in our 21st century global society.